- Norgold Russet (Solanum tuberosum)
Russet was tested as ND4192-3 and released by North Dakota State
University in 1964. Several strains of Norgold Russet have been selected
since its release but have not been described. The parents are ND2475-8
x A119-1 (A102-35 x Russet Burbank).
CHARACTERISTICS: The plants are early maturing, determinate in
growth habit, medium sized and compact. Stems are green, medium
conspicuous wings. Nodes and internodes are green. Leaves are medium
to small, closed and dark green. The terminal leaflets are small
and ovate with an asymmetrical base and an acute apex. Primary
leaflets are small and tend to be cupped particularly when plants
stress. Flowers are pink, medium in size with orange anthers; pollen
is scant and of fair quality.
Tubers are oblong to long and somewhat wider than
thick. The skin is uniformly netted. The eyes are shallow and well
distributed. The flesh is white and yields are intermediate. The
specific gravity is low to intermediate.
STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES: Norgold
Russet is primarily marketed fresh as an early russet and is popular
in the count pack trade for baking and boiling. It has poor fry quality
and specific gravity is too low for processing. Norgold Russet has
good resistance to strains of common scab, but is susceptible to
Verticillium and Fusarium wilts, early and late blight and the common
viruses. It is very susceptible to blackleg. Tubers have a tendency
to hollow heart when developed under conditions that develop large
tubers. Tuber dormancy is short.